It's better to be a prepper than a victim. You certainly don't want to be a victim of earthquakes, tsunamis, tornadoes, floods, wildfire, landslides, drought, etc. But praying not to be a victim doesn't make you a victor. And to be a victor, you must prepare; you need to take positive steps in the right direction. Knowing your checklist for emergency preparedness is one of many steps and a good place to begin.
Furthermore, because there are lots of resources over the internet, this has made prepping overwhelming, especially for beginners. So, in this guide, we'll be going through the very basic checklist for emergency preparedness. And when we mean the very basic, we mean a checklist that applies to almost every situation you can ever think of. But we think it'll be pointless to prepare for the apocalypse, for instance, forgetting to prepare for situations which happen often or which are likely to re-occur - prepping against common disasters and geological events. And when you are able to handle those, you can then proceed to prep for uncertain disasters.
The Four Phases Of Emergency Preparedness
Just before we dive into the very basic checklist of emergency preparedness, let's discuss the four phases of emergency preparedness.
The Mitigation Phase; This phase has to do with actions you take to prevent or cushion the impact of a disaster or situation.
The Preparedness Phase; Deals with planning and training ahead of those events that can't be mitigated.
The Response Phase; Here you plan for the aftermath of any disaster.
The Recovery Phase; This basically caters to plans to put in place to get things back to normal again.
Checklist For Emergency Preparedness (Your Very Basic Needs)
The checklist for emergency preparedness basically caters to the second phase; the preparedness phase. Here we list the very basic items you'll need based on what you're preparing for.
1. Water: Water is essential. You need water more than you need food. Everyone needs at least one gallon of water per day. And depending on the number of individuals in your household, you should have at least two weeks' supply of water.
2. Food: It's advisable to store non-perishable food items in preparation for disaster. At least, food to last for two weeks. However, stocking food that can last for months or even years is best as advised by pro preppers.
3. First Aid Kit: Depending on the level of damage the disaster has caused, you or a member of the family might sustain an injury while on the move. The first aid box would be of importance in that regard.
4. Flashlights: There are different kinds of flashlights you can get - the solar-powered, electronic, and battery-powered flashlights. You want to have one of each kind if possible. In the case of electricity cut out, you will have to resort to using either the battery-powered or the solar-powered flashlight. You want to make sure you have a variety of options.
5. Some batteries: You want to have enough batteries to power your flashlights or radio.
6. Whistle: This is needed when you need to signal for help.
7. Dust Mask: Every person should have this to filter contaminated air.
8. Wrench or Pliers: In cases when you need to turn off utilities, these tools would be helpful.
9. Manual Can Opener: Stocked can foods? Then you'll need a can opener to get its contents out easily.
10. Battery-powered radio and an NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) weather radio with tone alert: Having this will put you in the know of current happenings which may influence your plans.
11. Cell phones, chargers, and backup batteries: You never can tell, even during the world's deadliest disasters, you might find yourself in areas where there's cell phone reception. Hence, making a phone call of a family member could save your life.
12. Local maps: You'll surely want to know your way around your city.
Some More Emergency Supplies
These are more emergency supplies you should consider having at hand in case emergency strikes.
* Cloth face coverings
* Hand sanitizer
* Alcohol-based wipes
* Medications (some pain relievers, anti-diarrhea meds, etc)
* Sleeping bags
* Warm blankets
* Change of clothes
* Fire extinguisher
* Mess kit
* Paper cups
* Paper towels
* Plastic utensils
These items on the checklist for emergency preparedness are just a few of what's necessary to prep against disasters. You can include items based on your personal or family needs. If possible, you should have them at easy reach or at multiple locations such as your home, work, car, etc. You never know when the next disaster will strike, but you can do your best to make sure you and your family are safe as best as you can till things return to normal again.