The programming space is a large community and teeming one too. And it is not uncommon to have newbies and newly interested programmers getting torn between the vast number of online learning resources on practically any programming language you can think of. In this article, we highlight the best five programming languages that you can learn in 2019.

To start with, it is important that we make a clear distinction between the various distinct subjection and disciplines even in the programming space. Rather than asking ourselves what programming language to learn, the first question we should be asking ourselves is, what kind of developer do I want to be. There are various roles to play as a developer, with the prominent ones being software developers, web developers, data scientists and analysts, machine learning engineers, and game developers. We will address the top languages and the roles they fulfill quite well.

1.      SQL

SQL is pronounced ‘sequel’—gets the best of us! If you prefer its less convoluted form, the letters stand for Structured Query Language. It is the language of data. And this phrase just very much explains why SQL continues to be the most in-demand language despite decades of existence. Data drives the world now and technology along with it (If you are wondering why WhatsApp isn't charging you at all, even without the ads, then this is it!). SQL is a versatile language that allows you to query databases, manage and update them easily. SQL is quite probably one of the easiest to learn on this list, and every programmer is required to have at least a certain acceptable knowledge of SQL.

If you are looking to be a software developer or a web developer, then SQL is surely a tool you should have in your repertoire. Most companies in the world have a database of some kind and SQL is the basic of languages to manage those.

People who go on to be experts in SQL are referred to as Database Administrators, SQL Database Managers, SQL Analysts, and of course, SQL Developers.

2.      Python

Most lists would have Java in their number 2, but well not this list. Python is a general-purpose and high-level programming language that has one of the most significant communities for a reason—it is incredibly user-friendly and is one of the few languages that could enamor you with their simple syntaxes (bye bye PHP!).

Python has gradually replaced many languages in the academic space across diverse countries, and it is generally accepted as a preferred language of choice of beginners. Python is also the frontier language used for many groundbreaking works in Artificial Intelligence, Data Science, and Machine Learning.

Python can be employed by both software developers and web developers, and finds its best implementation in ad-hoc scripting tasks. Many popular sites and companies such as Reddit, Youtube, NASA, have most of their programs written in Python.

3.      Java

Java should be headlining this list (I am sadly not a fan of endless curly braces). Java has held its own over more than two decades, and it retains its position has the preferred language of choice for many tasks and companies.

A serious software developer should in all hindsight have a sound command of Java. Java powers a large percentage of mobile applications and server-side applications across the world. In fact, Java powers Android itself! (Bar the emergence and the emphatic approval of Kotlin by Google). With Java, you can build rich, scalable apps with an efficiency that you would not be able to manage with high-end languages such as Python.

4.      JavaScript

Apart from SQL, JavaScript is probably the only language on the list that comfortably cuts across most of the outlined developing roles in the programming space, and one that basks in its ability to offer what no other language can.

Companies can decide to do without Java or Python, but for Javascript’s functionality, it is practically irreplaceable. Javascript is used most heavily in web development to make web pages interactive. It is also used on server-sides ends in the form of Node JS.

Javascript has become a versatile language over the years and is a must-have tool every web developer should have in their arsenal.

5.      Go

Go, also known as Golang is a statically typed programming language designed by Google itself to address the flaws of high-level programming languages such as Python while also embracing the strengths of low-level languages such as C, to which it bears the most similarity.

Released in 2012, Go is one of the newest languages you probably want to learn and is growing its community in numbers as popular companies such as Ethereum and high-profile cryptocurrency projects continue to find the best use cases for Go. Golang is currently a heavily used programming language within Google itself.

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